Sanskrit Practice

Finding Roots

prach {“inquiry”} is the root of praśna {“a question”}

bhū {“is”} is the root of aviṣayībhūtatvāt {“As a result of not being dependent on sensual (mis)perception”}

tar {“cross”} is the root of titīrṣuḥ {“wanting emancipation”}

sarj {“emit”} is the root of visarg{“creation”}

gam {“movement”} is the root of abhyujjigamiṣoḥ {“One who wants to come forward”}

labh {“gain”} is the root of ananulapsyan {“Without flattery(?)”}

jay {“victory”} is the root of vijigīrṣūṇām (?)

Applying Sandhi

dharmakṣetre kurukṣetre samavetā yuyutsavaḥ ।
māmakāḥ pāṇḍavā ca eva kim akurvata saṃjaya ॥

becomes

dharmakṣetra kurukṣetre samavetā yuyutsavaḥ |
māmakāḥ pāṇḍavaś caiva kim akurvata saṁjaya ||

धर्मक्षेत्र कुरुक्षेतरे समवेता युयुत्सवः।
मामकाः पाण्धवश् चैव किमकुर्वत संजय।।

(This is the first verse of Bhagavad Gita):

{“They all assembled enthusiastically on the Kuru’s field of religious deeds, mine and the Paṇḍavas too, of course. What did they do, Saṁjaya?”}

kālaḥ asmi lokakṣayakṛt pravṛddhaḥ lokān samāhartum iha pravṛttaḥ ।

becomes

kālo ‘smi lokakṣayakṛt pravṛddho lokān samāhartum iha pravṛttaḥ |

कालोऽमि लोकक्षयकृत् प्रवृद्धो लोकान् समाहर्तुम् इह प्रवृत्तः।

(This is 11.32 of Gītā) {“I am time/doom, my deed is destruction of the world. my goal here is to destroy everyone.”}

Translate

The son is a hero = पुत्रः वीरः putraḥ vīraḥ -> पुत्रो वीरः putro vīraḥ

The boy is a man = बालः नरः bālaḥ naraḥ -> बालो नरः bālo naraḥ

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