Easy to Memorize Vowel Sandhi

Vowels strengthen themselves.
(a) even strengthens others.

Other vowels are at least polite,
they become semi-vowels, to make themselves lite.

But (e)’s not polite to the “a” (अ).
 (e) scares (a) away


Vowels strengthen themselves.

a/i/u/ṛ + a/i/u/ṛ = ā/ī/ū/ṝ

/// + /// = ///

(a) even strengthens others.

a + i = e. :|: . a + e = ai . :|: . a + ai = ai

a + u = o. :|: . a + o = au. :|: . a + au = au

a + ṛ = ar

+ = ए. :|: . + = ऐ. :|: . + =

+ = ओ. :|: . + = औ. :|: . + =

+ = अर्

Other vowels [not /a] are at least polite,
they become semi-vowels, to make themselves lite.

i y. :|: . u v. :|: . r

e a[y]. :|: . o av

ai    ā[y]. :|: . au  āv

य्. :|: . उ व्. :|: . ऋ र्

अ[य्]. :|: . ओ अव् 

आ[य्]. :|: . औ आव्

But (e) is not polite to (a).
 (e) scares (a) away

a + e = a

+ =

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